The Second Edition

Throughout time art movements have gone beyond just one medium to create an over arching artistic goal, that of a harmonious total work of art. Design, art, literature and music do not ever exist independently, but feed off each other and complement each other. The experience we have when viewing a work of art is never a truly objective one, we cannot separate our own time, opinions, biases and influences from the work we view. And so art is never static, it is ever changing and evolving in the eyes of those who view it, like editions of a book.

Today it is hard to find anywhere that is a “total work of art” in the sense that art movements such as Art Nouveau and the Bauhaus intended. They wanted to create a world where everything was harmonious and adhered to one manifesto. But we live surrounded by design, from rubbish bins to skyscrapers, billboards to high art, truly a total work of art, though not a homogenous or harmonious one.

The Ninth Edition suggests that to live life as a total work of art is to embrace the variety, the clash of cultures, and the juxtaposition of eras that is the contemporary age. And soon the next edition will be written and today will be a nostalgic reminiscence of the past.


Open Doors

I love an open door, a view to something beyond a wall, that little glimpse that creates just enough intrigue to lure your gaze.  Open House Melbourne is that door left ajar, it’s a gate that someone forgot to lock.  The mystery is still there, only now you can creep in, you can stare about, wide-eyed, imagine a different life, feel inspired, sympathetic, but still like you have only just scraped the surface.  Walking around Melbourne while this event is on I feel as though I am walking around for the first time.  Every building seems wondrous, mysterious and compelling.  The closed doors become as alluring as the open ones.  And once inside each building you come out with more questions than answers.  And it seems that every year there is some you miss out on, and so many more to put on the list for next time. Continue reading

An Imperial Life

You don’t have to be rich to live your life as a total work of art.  Beautiful things are not necessarily expensive, and expensive things are not always beautiful.  But saying that, having A LOT of money certainly doesn’t go astray.  Throughout history some of the figures most famous for living opulent, extravagant and exciting lives have been extremely wealthy, or one step further, royalty.  As a Monarch it is practically part of the job description that you flaunt your wealth and power through beautiful art, fashion, design and architecture, and through this that you support and encourage the arts more generally.  Take for example King Ludwig II of Bavaria, know as the “Fairy-Tale King”.  He created castles, almost like stage sets, that perched on mountaintops, or copied Versailles, which acted both as prison and protection from the outside world.  During his reign he retreated further and further into his fairy-tale fantasy creating more and more extravagant castles.  In his palace Herrenchiemsee he even included an elevator table in his design.  This would enable the table to be lowered through the floor to a separate room where his servants could lay out the next course before cranking the table back up to his level.  This way he never had to see his servants!1024px-Neuschwanstein_Castle_LOC_print_rotated

Another eccentric monarch who lived his life as a total work of art was Qianlong Emperor.  He also created beautiful palaces, collected great art, and in his case was an artist and poet in his own right.  He was a child prodigy, an antique collector, he revitalised and preserved the history of art in China whilst embracing other cultures and religions. A new exhibition at the National Gallery of Victoria explores his life through his beautiful possessions.  A Golden Age of China: Qianlong Emperor, 1736-1795 includes sumptuous clothing, exquisite paintings, weapons and furniture, and stunning objets d’art.

There is something truly special about seeing someones personal collection of art and design.  It really gives you an insight into the way they lived and who they are.  In one room two paintings show the Emperor and Empress, and opposite these images are the original robes and court headresses that they are wearing.  From this you can see how clearly and realistically the artist captured his sitters, but you also get a feel for the opulence and splendour of their lives.



Guiseppe Castiglione, Portrait of Qianlong Emperor in Ceremonial Court Robe (1736).

Emperor’s Ceremonial Court Robe (1736-39).

One work I really enjoy which gives an insight into the personality of the Emperor is a small plate with ceramic food including nuts, seeds, fruit and a crab.  This shows the Emperor’s sense of humour, he liked to trick his guests with these lifelike renditions, but there is even more meaning behind this arrangement.  The choices of the food on the plate is a play on words, for example the character for seed is the same for son, and together the foods combine to reveal the Emperor’s desire to have many clever and successful sons.

In general I’m not a big reader of wall texts, but this is one exhibition where there is so much more going on behind each work that it’s really worth taking the time to read.  Another example of this is the stunning screen painting painted by Qianlong Emperor himself, Qianlong Emperor Appraising: One or Two?  Here the Emperor is portrayed twice, both sitting on a couch, and as a portrait within the painting hanging in front of another painting of plum blossoms, a real painting which the Emperor painted when he was 70.  Inscribed on the image is a poem by the Emperor, philosophically questioning his identity within the portraits. Which is the real Emperor, and does it even actually matter?  Once again this gives us further insight into the personality of the Emperor, we see him here as artist, poet, philosopher and there is still that element of humour.


Giuseppe Castiglione, Qianlong Emperor in ceremonial armour on horseback (1739).

The way in which the Emperor walked a fine line between supporting and preserving the cultural heritage of China and embracing and drawing from the art of other cultures is truly fascinating.  One of the Emperor’s court painters was the Italian Guiseppe Castiglione who painted the Emperor in the European tradition, but executed in silk and colour on silk in the Chinese tradition. Even in the works by Chinese court painters you can see the influence of the European tradition in the perspective and realism of the works.  When you look at these paintings the combination of European and Chinese influences gives these works an almost Contemporary feel.  He also collected art and even created palaces in the European style, enlisting Guiseppe Castigilone once again to design these western style mansions for him.


So as you can see this exhibition is so much more than just a collection of beautiful things, it is a total work of art, a mirror of the Emperor’s life and of his achievements and personality.  I recommend visiting this exhibition as though you were visiting the Emperor himself, make a day of it, put on some sumptuous silks and beautiful beads, maybe even indulge in a meal at Persimmon or High Tea at the Tea Room. Take this as your excuse to take a day out of everyday life and live like an Emperor.

The Golden Age of China: Qianlong Emperor 1736-1795

National Gallery of Victoria, Interational

27 March – 21 June 2015

Redheads and Rebellion

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood are an infamous band of artists with an unnatural obsession with redheads.  Believing that the purest beauty was found in the aroma of virgins with copper hair they set about killing and distilling this scent to make a perfume that they could use to become gods amongst men.

Wait a second, I think I’m getting my stories crossed here…

But anyway the point is that the Pre-Raphaelites were pretty badass and there is definitely something going on between them and redheaded beauties, and the newest exhibition at the National Gallery of Victoria wants to find out what that is.

Medieval Moderns is a great opportunity for visitors to see the NGV’s outstanding collection of works by the Brotherhood and their close associates.  Including art and design this exhibition highlights the idea of a total work of art which was embraced by this movement.  One room particularly captures this feeling, and that is the wallpapered room, decorated with William Morris’ beautiful medieval inspired prints and including furniture, paintings, photography and books, it really gives you a feel for the way that all these elements enhance and complement each other when seen as they should be, together, as a total work of art.


Francis Bedford, Tintern Abbey, 1860s (1859 – c.1868).

So what were the Pre-Raphaelites about if not killing virgins for their perfume?

The Pre-Raphaelites were disillusioned by the industrial revolution and idealised the time before The Enlightenment, pre-Raphael, Medieval times.  They rebelled against the conventions of art and society, and despite looking backwards their art was distinctly Modern.  This exhibition shows their interest in Medieval subjects, settings, designs and architecture. This emphasis can be seen in the exhibition design, with gothic arches leading you from room to room. Particularly beautiful are the many photographs of crumbling Medieval ruins which are scattered throughout the exhibition, including examples by Francis Bedford and Henry Peach Robinson.

If, like the Pre-Raphaelites themselves, you find yourself fantasising about a bygone era where life was lived simply, romantically and with integrity, I recommend this exhibition.  And if by the end of it you’re obsession with Medieval times is not quenched I recommend wondering upstairs to check out some of the Medieval art that influenced the Brotherhood.  If all you can fantasise about is the allure of a sweet scented, auburn haired beauty, I recommend you read Perfume.

Medieval Moderns: The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

NGV International

11 April – 12 June 2015

Patrick Suskind, Perfume: A Story of a Murderer, 1985.